Phyto-chemical evaluation of ethanomedicinal herb jawasaa

Sachan, Nikhil Kumar; Rao, Ch. V; Sachan, Anupam Kr

Abstract

Alhagi pseudalhagi (Bieb) Desv. (Leguminosae) is widely distributed in Semi-arid zone of India. A.pseudalhagi is one of the most widely used medicinal plants for the treatment of various diseases in different rural and remote areas of district Etah in UP, India. Alhagi is rich in biologically active phyto-chemicals such as phenolics, flavonoids, alkaloids and polysaccharides along with different essential minerals, proteins and lipids. Alhagi plants are widely used as folk medicines to treat a large number of diseases of which a few are the following: gastroenteritis, diarrhea, ulcers, liver disorders, fever, hypertension, angina pain, headache and toothache, inflammations, rheumatoid arthritis, renal stone and urinary tract infections. The study includes preparation of different extract by successive solvent extraction for detail analysis. Fluorescence analysis of different successive extract and powder were noted under UV (366nm) and ordinary light, which signifies their characteristic. Preliminary qualitative chemical test for different extract showed presence of alkaloids, carbohydrates and glycosides, flavonoids, tannins, phenolic compounds, fixed oils and fats, protein and amino acids, steroids and terpenoids.

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