Bio-engineering and bio-design of new generation bioresorbable implants

GV, Jagadeesh ; Setti, Srinivasu Gangi

Abstract

Biomaterials play a major role in enhancing the quality, performance and longevity of human life. With the technological advancements in biomedical and material processing, quite a number of biomaterials are being synthesized with properties desirable for various biomedical applications. Among these, bioresorbable materials are the new class of Biomaterials. Bioresorbable materials can be used mainly in orthopaedic, cardiovascular, dental and tissue engineering applications. The potential bioresorbable materials identified were Magnesium alloys, Iron and Zinc alloys. However, there are certain issues with these bioresorbable materials for their application as implants. The current review presents the potential, physiological behavior and problems of Magnesium alloy. The biological performance of Magnesium alloys under different processing methods such as alloying, surface modification and bulk processing was discussed. This review may be a guide for new researchers to identify suitable processing method for Magnesium alloy

Keyword(s)

Biodegradation; Biomaterials; Extrusion; Femoral condyle; Femoral diaphysis; Implants

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