Microwave assisted transesterification of waste cooking oil over modified forms of zirconia coated on honeycomb monolith

shamshuddin, md ; Vasantha, V T; Serrao, Reena Saritha; D’Souza, Joyce Queeny

Abstract

Microwave assisted transesterification of waste cooking oil over honeycomb monoliths coated with zirconia based catalysts such as MgO/ZrO2 and CaO/ZrO2 to synthesize biodiesel is reported. For comparison, biodiesel synthesis via transesterification using conventional heating method has also been carried out. The solid acid Al2O3/ZrO2 coated on a honeycomb has also been used as a catalyst to reduce the percentage of free fatty acid in waste cooking oil via esterification using conventional heating. The honeycomb monoliths have been coated with solid bases and characterized for their physico-chemical properties such as surface acidity, surface basicity, crystalinity and morphology using suitable techniques. The honeycomb monoliths coated with solid catalysts are found to be highly efficient and reusable in the process of synthesizing biodiesel from waste cooking oil. A maximum yield of biodiesel (98%) is obtained at 60 °C in 10 min by keeping the molar ratio of oil:methanol ratio at 1:6 under microwave irradiation.


Keyword(s)

Catalysts, Modified catalysts, Biodiesel synthesis, Transesterification, Microwave, Waste cooking oil, Honeycomb monoliths, Zirconia catalysts, MgO/ZrO2, CaO/ZrO2


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