Degradation of Orange G and Malachite green dyes under visible light irradiation: Double layered core-shell nanoparticle as an efficient photocatalyst
Core-shell nanomaterials have emerged as a frontier area of focus in materials chemistry and catalysis. Here, we have explored the photocatalyst potential of a double layered core-shell material comprising a rare earth material as core and silica, zinc oxide as the subsequent shell materials. The prepared core-shell has average particle size of 40-60 nm, and the material has been characterized by FTIR, XRD, UV-DRS and FESEM techniques. The band gap energy of prepared material is 2.82 eV. The photocatalytic activity has been tested against Orange-G and Malachite green dye under visible light irradiation. A comparison for degradation of azo and non-azo dye has been elucidated. Preliminary studies with varying pH, catalyst dosage and initial dye concentration have been done to determine the optimum parameters for photocatalytic activity. The kinetic studies follow pseudo-ﬁrst-order pathway. The prepared core-shell nanomaterial is found efficient for degradation of non-azo dye compared to azo dye. Both the materials show better activity than pristine ZnO. The photocatalyst is found to be environmentally benign with reusability even up to the third cycle of reuse.
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