Acoustical & thermodynamic properties of some ternary systems of 1-pentanol in n-hexane solution with various organic compounds using ultrasonic technique
The thermo-physical parameters like density, ultrasonic velocity and viscosity have been experimentally measured for the ternary liquid mixtures of 1-pentanol with N,N dimethyl formamide (N,N-DMF) / o-methoxy phenol or 2-methoxy phenol (OMP) / m-methoxy phenol or 3-methoxy phenol (MMP) in n-hexane medium at various temperatures like 303 K, 308 K and 313 K. Certain acoustical and thermodynamic parameters such as cohesive energy, available volume, viscous relaxation time, Lennard Jones potential, free energy of activation, Gibb’s free energy and entropy are calculated from the experimental data. The variation of these parameters with respect to different concentrations ranging from 0.001 M to 0.01 M at different temperatures viz. 303 K, 308 K and 313 K and at fixed frequency of 2 MHz for the three ternary systems namely OMP + 1-pentanol+n-hexane, N,N-DMF+ 1-pentanol+n-hexane and MMP + 1-pentanol+n-hexane have been discussed in terms of molecular interactions under the influence of ultrasonic sound. The role of thermodynamic parameters in the stability of the charge transfer complexes and the hydrogen bonded complexes are predicted.
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