Comparative studies of removal of hazardous dyes, methylene blue (MB) and malachite green (MG) from solutions by low cost activated carbon

Sharma, Yogesh Chandra

Abstract

The removal of two hazardous dyes, MB and MG newly synthesized economic activated carbon. The adsorbent was synthesized from an agro waste material. The activated carbon has been characterized by XRD, FTIR, SEM, and surface area. A comparative study of the removal of selected dyes was reported. The process of removal for both the dyes is optimized for important parameters. It has been observed that removal of the dyes is maximum in alkaline range of pH. Both for MB and MG, the removal is controlled by first order kinetics. Mass transfer studies for both the dyes have been reported and the values of coefficient of mass transfer are found to be 2.25×10-5 cm/s and 1.92 cm/s respectively at 30°C. The rates of transfer of dyes onto the adsorbent surface were significant both the cases. The process of removal is endothermic and in both the cases higher temperature favoured the removal. Equilibrium data fitted Freundlich adsorption isotherm and the values of constants are found to be 0.59 and 3.01 mg/g for the removal of selected dyes. The results show suitability of the synthesized material for both the systems and can serve as baseline data for dyes removal.


Keyword(s)

Activated carbon; Adsorption; Agro waste; Malachite green; Methylene blue


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