Adsorption technology and mechanism of As(III) and As(V) in wastewater by iron modified rice husk biochar

Zang, Shuyan

Abstract

Arsenic pollution has become a common phenomenon, which seriously endangers the environment and poses a greatthreat to human health. In this paper, a novel method has been developed for simultaneous removal of composite arsenicpollution based on the modified rice husk biochar as an efficient adsorbent. Iron modified rice husk biochar (MRHB)adsorbent has been prepared using rice husk as raw material, NaHCO3 as pore expander, FeCl3ꞏ6H2O as modifier and NaOHas precipitant. The adsorption characteristics of MRHB for As(Ⅲ) and As(V) has been investigated on the basis of batchexperiments. X-ray diffraction, scanning electron microscopy, and Fourier Transform Infrared were carried out tocharacterize the composition and structure of MRHB. The results show that the arsenic concentration of 1.0 mg/L, adsorbentdosage of 1.0 g/L, the maximum removal rates of As(Ⅲ) and As(V) are 99.88% and 99.93% at pH of 5. The adsorptionperformance of MRHB for As(V) and As(V) fits well to the pseudo-second-order kinetic model, indicating that thechemisorption control plays a dominant role in adsorption process. Results from this study demonstrated the promise ofMRHB in application as an efficient and environmentally friendly adsorbent for composite arsenic pollution.


Keyword(s)

Adsorption; Arsenate; Arsenite; Iron; Rice husk biochar

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