Detection of foot-and-mouth disease virus type O in recovered as well as healthy cattle to study carrier status in Assam

DAS, LEENA ; SHARMA, KRISHNA ; BORAH, PROBODH ; BARMAN, NAGENDRA NATH; KALITA, DHRUBA JYOTI; HUSSAIN, IFTIKAR ; DEVI, BHANITA

Abstract

Foot and mouth disease (FMD), one of the most contagious diseases of animals, affects different host species including wild animals. Asymptomatic FMD recovered animals may remain as carrier, which may be threat to other healthy animals. Hence, it is necessary to monitor the carrier status of the FMD recovered animals to effectively prevent further spread of the disease. Out of all the seven serotypes of FMD, O serotype is most commonly found in livestock. Therefore, in the present study, we chose to detect serotype ‘O’ in oropharyngeal fluid (OP) and to quantify cytokines, viz. IL-1α, IL-1β and IL-2. A total of 30 OP fluids and 30 blood samples were collected from 10 animals (1 in-contact healthy animal) for 3 months post infection. FMD O serotype could be detected in all the animals (100%). The RQ values were found to be 0.014 to 63.118 and 0.162 to 46.889 for IL-1α and IL-1β genes respectively, while insignificant RQ values were obtained for IL-2. In the second and third months, two animals showed down regulation for IL-1α gene, while IL-1β and IL-2 genes were down regulated in 7 animals and in all 10 animals, respectively for all the three months.

Keyword(s)

Cytokines; Interleukins; Livestock; Oropharyngeal fluid

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