Production of bioplastic using Jackfruit perianth

Muthaszeer, A Mohamed; Ramanan, M V; Cherian, Ritty K; Biji, Parvathy ; Cherian, Elsa

Abstract

Overuse of plastics around the world has made them one of the key environmental concerns today. Disposal of plastic waste in landfills has serious environmental impacts due to its non-biodegradable nature. Agricultural waste, particularly plant materials containing starch gains attraction for its role in the production of alternative biodegradable materials with good tensile strength and other mechanical properties. The present work focuses on production of biodegradable bioplastic using perianth of Jackfruit [Artocarpus heterophyllus Lam. (Moraceae)], which otherwise goes as agro waste. Certain plasticizers are also used to improve the raw materials properties and it was subjected to various tests, to study its mechanical and chemical properties. The sample was characterized using Fourier transform Infrared spectroscopy (FTIR) and tensile strength was also checked. It was subjected to various resistance tests such as water resistance, alcohol resistance, flammability, alkali and acid resistance and it was confirmed that the bioplastic produced from Jack fruit perianth is a good option to normal plastics.


Keyword(s)

Agro waste; Artocarpus heterophyllus; Biodegradability; Waste management

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