Effect of SKB-Gutbiotic on acetic acid induced ulcerative colitis in male Wistar rats

Mohan, Mahalaxmi ; Saudagar, Parag ; Dalvi, Mitali

Abstract

Inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) is a chronic intestinal inflammation gaining increasing attention as it affects considerable number of humans. IBD is reported as ulcerative colitis (UC) and Crohn's disease (CD) Conventional therapies currently available are not satisfactory. Therefore, here, we investigated the effect of SKB-Gutbiotic on acetic acid induced ulcerative coltis (UC) in male Wistar rats. Male Wistar rats, 200-250 g were divided into six groups as follows: Gr. I (control) received 10 mL/kg of distilled water for 21 consecutive days. Gr. II received 2 mL of 4% acetic acid solution once intra rectally for induction of colitis. Gr. III received 2 mg/kg prednisolone as standard control. Groups IV, V & VI were treated with SKB-Gutbiotic @2×109, 20×109 and 50×109 Cfu/kg, respectively. All the animals from each group were sacrificed 24 h after the induction of colitis. Disease activity index, macroscopical damage, hematological parameters, level of superoxide dismutase (SOD), myeloperoxidase (MPO), reduced glutathione (GSH) and histopathological alterations were evaluated. Acetic acid-induced colitis significantly caused alteration in disease activity index, macroscopical damage, MPO and GSH levels (P <0.05) as compared to control group. SKB-Gutbiotic (20×109 and 50×109 Cfu/kg) administration significantly decreased disease activity index, MPO, SOD, increased GSH levels (P <0.05) as compared to colitis rats. In conclusion, SKB-Gutbiotic (20×109 and 50×109 Cfu/kg) significantly showed protective effects against acetic acid-induced colitis as a consequence of its anti-inflammatory and antioxidative properties.

Keyword(s)

Antioxidant; Colitis; Inflammatory bowel disease (IBD); Prednisolone; Probiotic

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