Thermo-physiological properties of 3D warp knitted spacer fabrics for car seat application

Arumugam, Veerakumar ; Mishra, Rajesh ; Militky, Jiri ; Kremenakova, Dana ; Tomkova, Blanka ; Venkatraman, Mohanapriya


Thermal comfort properties of 3-Dimensional knitted spacer fabrics have been studied in order to replace the existingpolyurethane foams in the car seat and back supports. The influence of different characteristics of spacer fabrics, likestructure, areal density, thickness and density on thermo-physiological performance has been studied. The potential thermalbehavior is identified with the support of the thermal conductivity and resistance evaluation. The air and water vaporpermeability have been measured and analyzed in-order to study the breathable performance of spacer fabrics.Advance statistical evaluation and two-way analysis of variance is used to analyze the significance of various factors onrequired properties. The result shows that spacer fabric with a hexagonal net structure has more open structure on surfacethan lock knit fabrics, which results in highly permeable to air with good thermal conductivity. It is also observed that, thehexagonal net fabrics have the ability to pass more water vapor than the fabrics with lock knit structure on the surface.These findings are the important requirements for designing the car seats with required thermal comfort properties using3D spacer fabrics.


3D Spacer fabrics;Breathable fabric;Evaporative resistance;Polyester filament;Thermal conductivity;Thermalresistance;Water vapor permeability

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