Fungal contamination of stony endocarp (Rudraksha) of Elaeocarpus spp. from three different countries

Kedia, Akash ; Ivanov, Dmitry S; Dubey, Nawal Kishore

Abstract

The study deals with fungal contamination of stony endocarp (Rudraksha) of Elaeocarpus spp. collected from India, Nepal and Indonesia. For mycological analysis, the agar test method including surface sterilized and non surface sterilized samples were used. Eight species belonging to four different genera of fungi were isolated. The genera isolated were Aspergillus (four species), Penicillium (two species), Alternaria (one species) and Rhizopus (one species). The study emphasizes that fungal contamination would deteriorate the quality of stony endocarp (Rudraksha) of Elaeocarpus spp. and also affect its marketing. This is the first record of mycoflora study from stony endocarp (Rudraksha) of Elaeocarpus sphaericus (Gaertn.) K. Schum. from India and Nepal and E. ganitrus Roxb. from Indonesia.

Keyword(s)

Rudraksha, Elaeocarpus sphaericus, Elaeocarpus ganitrus, Endocarp, Fungal contamination, Deterioration, Marketing.

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