GC-MS analysis of phytochemical compounds in the crude methanolic extract of roots of Murdannia lanuginosa and M. simplex (Commelinaceae)

Nandikar, Mayur D.; Kumbhalkar, Bhagyashri Balkrishna; Gurav, Rajaram V.


The aim of the present study is to investigate the methanolic extract of the roots of Murdannia lanuginosa and M. Simplex (Commelinaceae) for their phytochemical compounds using Gas Chromatography–Mass Spectrometry (GC-MS). The study reveals three compounds in M. lanuginosa and six compounds in M. simplex respectively. M. lanuginosa could be used for antimicrobial, anti-inflammatory and anti-proliferative activity due to the presence of secondary metabolites like 4H-Pyran-4- one, 2, 3-dihydro-3,5-dihydroxy-6-methyl (Retention time 8.659) in the methanolic extract. While M. simplex extracts may be used in the development of fungicidal agent due to the presence of Salicylaldehyde, Azine (Retention time 22.608) as a major compound which is known for its fungicidal activity. A further study in the present taxa and family Commelinaceae is warranted to determine active principle of the extract as well as to elucidate their exact mechanism of action in various disorders.


Azine; Commelinaceae; Fungicidal activity; GC-MS; Methanol extracts; Murdannia; Salicylaldehyde; Tuberous and thickened roots.

Azine, Commelinaceae, Fungicidal activity, GC-MS, Methanol extracts, Murdannia, Salicylaldehyde,

Tuberous and thickened roots

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