A review on Cissus quadrangularis L. as herbal medicine
Cissus quadrangularis L. is a fleshy plant found in major parts of the world, especially in Asia, Africa, and a few other warm tropical regions. It is one of the common food items in India. Ayurveda uses the whole plant for digestive aid (Pachana) and directed as palliative and roborant. C. quadrangularis also serves as a good source of triterpenoids ascorbic acid, carotenoids, flavonoids, and steroids. C. quadrangularis is also used for various treatments like fracture healing, anti-ulcer, antihelmintic, antifungal, antihemorrhoidal, analgesic, antibacterial properties, etc. It also serves in the best way to treat various infirmities such as hemorrhoids, leprosy, epilepsy, dyspepsia, skin burns, dysentery, bowel complaints, to increase appetite, etc. This article throws light on various recent knowledge of scientific research in various aspects of this plant, which mainly incorporate remarkable pharmacological activities such as anti-ulcer, anti-bacterial, anxiolytic, antipyretic, antidiabetic, bone healing, antioxidant and anti-inflammatory properties, and phytochemicals studies.
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