Physico-chemical properties of some polymer blended task specific novel S-(+)-2-3-dihydroxy-N, N, N-tributyl-propanaminiumtriflate and 1-(2-propoxy)- 3-methylimdazolium-borohydride room temperature ionic liquids

Kumar, Yogesh ; Rupini, B ; Akdag, H ; Varlikli, C ; Shulga, Y M ; Shulga, N Y ; Kasana, V K

Abstract

Two novel chiral ionic liquids S-(+)-2-3-dihydroxy-N, N, N-tributyl-propanaminiumtriflate and 1-(2-propoxy)-3-methylimdazolium-borohydride have been prepared using conventional metathesis reaction. These ionic liquids have been subjected to solution cast method followed by ultrasonication to obtain the corresponding ionic liquid gel polymer electrolytes with poly (vinylidene fluoride-co-hexafluoropropene) (PVDF-HFP), free-standing, rubbery, dimensionally stable films with a high degree of transparency have been obtained. Thermo-gravimetric analysis confirms that the intermediate solvent, acetone used for mixing PVDF-HFP polymer with ionic liquid is completely evaporated after gelation and drying process. Further thermal properties have been analyzed by differential scanning calorimetry. Scanning electron microscopy micrographs show the different surface morphology of the gel electrolytes according to nature of the ionic liquid. The structural information has been extracted by X-ray diffraction. The ionic conductivities of both polymer-ionic liquid blends are in the order of 10-3 to 10-5 S cm-1. Electrochemical stability window of these polymer electrolytes ranges from 4.0 to 5.0 V. Various physicochemical properties and fast ion conduction in the gel polymer membranes show their promising characteristics as electrolytes in different ionic devices.

Keyword(s)

Ionic liquids; Polymers; Blends; Ionic size; Ionic conductivity

 


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