Viscous dissipation and Joule heating effects on an unsteady magnetohydrodynamic flow over a linearly stretching permeable surface with uniform wall temperature

Chaudhary, Santosh ; Choudhary, Mohan Kumar

Abstract

An analysis has been presented to describe the effects of viscous dissipation and Joule heating on an unsteady laminar two-dimensional flow of a viscous incompressible electrically conducting fluid over a stretching permeable surface in the presence of a uniform transverse magnetic field. Similarity solutions for the problem have been formulated and reduced nonlinear ordinary differential equations have been solved numerically using fourth order Runge-Kutta method with shooting technique. Influences of various parameters, namely, mass transfer parameter, unsteadiness parameter, magnetic parameter, Prandtl numberand Eckert number on velocity and temperature distributions have been plotted graphically while skin-friction coefficient and Nusselt number have been shown numerically. A comparison of the obtained numerical results has been made with previously published results for non-magnetic case.

Keyword(s)

Viscous dissipation; Joule heating;Unsteady flow; Magnetohydrodynamic flow; Stretching surface; Permeable surface

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