Compact printed log-periodic dipole antenna (LPDA) with T-shaped arm for wide band applications

Patel, Kamlesh ; Birwal, Amit ; Kumar Manker, Nilesh

Abstract

Compactness of printed log-periodic dipole antenna (LPDA) is an essential requirement in developing low-weight communication system. With this aim, in the present work, we utilized two-step approach to reduce size of this kind of antenna. First, to achieve compactness, a maximum apex angle was taken for the desired gain of 6 dBi, which reduces the boom length to minimum possible value. Secondly, after fully optimizing the width and length of each dipole, a T-shaped arm is introduced in place of straight dipole arms. For comparison, initially printed LPDA is designed with full arm structure of gain 6.5 dBi in 1.5 to 3.5 GHz band using CST Microwave Studio. In T-shaped arm LPDA, the antenna size eventually reduces by 82% compared to full arm structure, which offers a bore sight gain level varies from 2 to 4.5 dBi in the frequency band of 1.8 to 3.5 GHz. Simulation analysis are discussed in detail along-with a size comparison of various printed LPDAs. The measured results of the fabricated LPDA with T-shaped arm are found to closely match with the simulation results.

Keyword(s)

Log-periodic dipole antenna; Compact antenna; Antenna gain; T-shaped arm

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