Estimation of sea water salinity from dielectric measurements: Effect of temperature
Dielectric measurements have been carried out for distilled water and saline water solutions of salinities 10000, 20000, 30000, 40000 ppm, as well as sea water of Diu beach area, using Anritsu Shockline Vector Network Analyzer (VNA, model no: MS46322A) in the frequency range from 1 GHz to 20 GHz, over the temperatures of 20°, 30° and 40 °C. From the measured values of dielectric constant and dielectric loss, the values of tanδ, conductivity and emissivity of water solutions have been calculated. The variation in dielectric properties of water with salinity and temperature of measurement is compared with values calculated using Stogryn equations as well as Klein and Swift model and results are found to be in good agreement with corresponding values. From the dielectric loss values and the emissivity values of distilled water and saline water solutions at certain fixed frequencies, the salinity of sea water collected from Diu beach has been estimated to be 36,327 ppm which agrees very well with the physicochemical analysis report of laboratory.
Salinity; Pure water; Dielectric constant; Dielectric loss;tanδ; Conductivity; Emissivity
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