Energy efficient decision fusion for differential space-time block codes in wireless sensor networks
The non-coherent techniques that do not require the channel state information have gained significant interest especially when multiple transmitter and receiver nodes are involved in communication. In this paper, we analyze the energy efficiency of differential and coherent cooperative Multiple-input Multiple-output (MIMO) method using space-time block codes (STBC). We exploit the benefits of the extension of the observation interval of differential STBC to three blocks in Wireless sensor networks (WSNs). We propose an energy efficient decision fusion (EEDF) algorithm in WSNs which utilizes the benefits of Multiple symbol differential detection (MSDD) decision fusion by optimally selecting the ring amplitude of the differential amplitude phase shift keying (DAPSK) constellation. The simulation results show that processing differential multiple symbols provides significant energy saving compared to the conventional two-symbol processing. Furthermore, significant performance gain is achieved for the proposed algorithm compared to 16 DPSK MSDD decision fusions.
Differential amplitude phase shift keying (DAPSK) constellation; Fast fading channel; Energy minimization; Space time modulation;Wireless sensor network
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