Study of Polymer Binders to Develop Low Emissive Paints for Thermal Radiation Management Applications
The management of thermal emittance always possess challenges in both military and civil domains. The low emissive materials in form of paints offers viable solution for minimising thermal emittance of military objects for camouflage and enhancing infrared reflectivity of roof to reduce cooling loads. Binder apart from pigments is one of the critical components of low emissive paint formulation to decide its ultimate performance. For selection of appropriate resin and binder, a comparative study of five prevalent polymers viz. polyurethane (PU), poly vinyl chloride (PVC), polyethylene (PE), polypropylene (PP) and poly methyl methacrylate (PMMA) has been carried out. Polymeric film of thickness 100μm of each of the polymer is prepared by Elcometer 4340 motorized film applicator. Infrared spectra and thermogravimetric profile have been obtained by Bruker make Tensor 27 FTIR in spectral range 4000 – 600 cm-1 and TGA Q 500. Film formation of PU is excellent and transmission in 3-5 μm is almost 100%. Hence, it may be chosen as binder in low emissive paint for MWIR band. PVC and PMMA among the polymers offer excellent transmission 87-99% in both thermal transmission windows 3-5 μm and 8-12 μm. Thermogravimetric (TG) profile of polymer films evident of thermal stability of PVC, PMMA and PU polymers up to 200 °C. Infrared transmission, TG profile and film formability manifest that both binders- PVC and PMMA are suitable for development of low emissive paints applicable up to temperature 200 °C for both IR transmission windows to evade thermal detectors working for detection of military objects and reducing cooling load in buildings by enhancing reflectivity of roof by application of low emissive paint.
Low emissive coatings; Thermal signature; Temperature control; Camouflage and stealth; Cool roof
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