Structural, anisotropic and thermodynamic properties of boron carbide: First principles calculations
The structural, mechanical, electronic properties of the potentially superhard P42/mnm-BC have been investigated by using the density functional theory with the ultrasoft psedopotential scheme in the frame of the generalized gradient approximation and the local density approximation. The elastic constants, bulk modulus, shear modulus, Young’s modulus, B/G ratio and Poisson’s ratio for BC at various pressures have been investigated. The elastic anisotropy under pressure from 0 GPa to 100 GPa has been studied. The elastic anisotropy of Young’s modulus, shear modulus, and Poisson’s ratio show that P42/mnm-BC exhibits a large anisotropy and the elastic anisotropy increases with increasing pressure. Electronic structure studies show that P42/mnm-BC is a conductor. Using the quasi-harmonic Debye model, the thermodynamic properties of P42/mnm-BC have also been investigated. The variation of the thermal expansion, isothermal bulk modulus, Debye temperature, Grüneisen parameter, and heat capacity with pressure and temperature have been obtained systematically.
Ab-initio calculations; Elastic properties; Electronic structure; Thermodynamic properties
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