Environmental Perspectives of the Hydrographical Features of Three Diffrent Poinds in Kokkallur Region of Balussery Panchayat, Kozhikode District
The world’s pond ecosystems are being threatened by many factors. These include a variety of anthropogenic activities ,which entail urgent need of research and education programs to create awareness in the society for their protection and conservation. In the present work, hydrographical features of three different ponds in Kokkallur region of Balussery panchayath of Kozhikode district was monitored .The study was conducted on three ponds in Kokkallur village namely , Chenery pond, Parakulam pond, Muryankulangara pond . The objectives of the study were to investigate the seasonal variations of hydrographical features such as temperature, pH, transparency, salinity , carbon dioxide, dissolved oxygen, Biological Oxygen Demand and primary productivity of the selected ponds. Water samples were collected during the year 2019-2020 from the study area and the hydrographical features were analysed with respect to the seasons following standard methods. The study indicated that there is a pronounced variation of most of the water quality parameters with variations in season. The alteration of these water quality parameters may provide an early warning signal about the degradation of these pristine ecosystems. The pond water quality is degraded mainly due to discharge of wastes from residential area , sewage outlets , soil wastes, detergents and automobile oil wastes . The findings of the present study also provide a better understanding of this damaged ecosystem and remind the need for the rejuvenation of these natural paradise for enhancing the fishery potential and maintaining the ecological sustenance of this fresh water ecosystem. The main objective of this study is to disseminate information on importance of ponds for their effective conservation and management strategies, especially in India’s current scenario. The available studies show that the ponds in India are under threat due to increase in pollution rates and encroachment.
Hydrographical Features; Salinity; DO; BOD; COD
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