In vitro Direct Regeneration and Agrobacterium Tumefaciens mediated in planta Transformation of Ocimum sanctum L.

Khan, Sana ; Husain, Zakir ; Rahman, Laiq ur


An in vitro regeneration system for propagation has been successfully developed for a valuable medicinal and aromatic plant ‘Ocimum sanctum L’. In the present study, petiole explants, from in-vitro grown cultures of O. sanctum, was used for direct regeneration. The developed protocol employed 98% of regeneration frequency in addition to 9.6 shoots per explant when cultured on Murashige and Skoog (MS) medium fortified with 3 mg/L benzylamino purine (BAP) and 1 mg/L Naphthalene acetic acid (NAA). Furthermore, Agrobacterium tumefaciens Mediated genetic Transformation (ATMT) protocol (transient and stable) was also developed using LBA4404 strain harboring pBI121 with uid-A and neomycin phosphotransferase genes. The regenerated transformants were shifted on MS with kanamycin (50 mg/L) and afterwards placed on the half-strength MS medium. The validation was done through polymerase chain reaction (PCR) with neomycin phosphotransferase-II (npt-II) & β-glucoronidase (uid-A) gene primers. The maximum stable transformation frequency of 70% ± 0.35 was achieved. Hence, it is apparent that the established protocols i.e. in vitro direct regeneration and ATMT are appropriate for integrating novel enzymes/genes through high throughput techniques such as gene tagging, and targeted gene replacement to modulate the primary as well as secondary metabolic flux towards desired agronomic product
or trait in planta.


Gus-A, Kanamycin, MAPs, Npt-II, O. tenuiflorum, Petiole

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