Uncertainties in Bistatic RCS Measurements

Singh, Rakesh Kumar; Jahagirdar, Dhananjay Ramchandra; Sarma, NVS Narasimha


Radar Cross Section (RCS) is a far field parameter and limited test range length produces error in its measurements. RCS measured with co-located Tx and Rx antennas is termed as monostatic RCS and with spatially separated Tx and Rx antennas as Bistatic RCS (BRCS). Interest in BRCS measurements has grown due to increase in use of multi-static Radars for detecting low-observable targets. In literature BRCS measurement techniques explored are either horn antenna based far field setups or Compact Antenna Test Range (CATR) based setups. All the techniques have inherent limitations and errors, which need to be assessed as the information generated plays a decisive role in the design of military platforms. In the present paper, the errors in each measurement technique are obtained through extensive numerical computation and measurements on various canonical as well as complex shapes. The results highlight the effect of the phase curvature in either or both, Tx, and Rx paths, affect the measurement accuracies, thereby limiting the target size and highest frequency of operation of present techniques.


Antenna, Compact antenna test ranges, Far field, Plane wave, Radar

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