Synthesis and characterization of β-cyclodextrin coated Fe3O4/carbon nanocomposite for adsorption of tea catechin from aqueous solutions

Gogoi, Aniruddha ; Navgire, Madhukar ; Sarma, Kanak Chandra; GOGOI, PARIKSHIT

Abstract

β-cyclodextrin (β-CD) coated Fe3O4/carbon nanocomposite materials have been prepared by co-precipitation and impregnation method for adsorption of tea catechin from aqueous solutions. The prepared catalysts have been characterized by X-ray diffraction, FT-IR spectrometer, SEM, TEM, TGA, Pyridine FTIR and VSM analysis. The particle diameter and saturation magnetization value of Fe3O4/carbon is found to be 25-50 nm from TEM analysis and 4.4 emu/g from VSM analysis and decreases after coating of β-CD on Fe3O4/carbon nanocomposite to 20-35 nm and 1.2 emu/g, respectively. The adsorption behaviors of tea catechin on β-CD coated Fe3O4/carbon nanocomposites have been investigated schematically. The experimental adsorption affinity is interpreted with the help of Langmuir and Freundlich adsorption isotherms and the Langmuir model is found to be best suitable for the experimental data. The adsorption reaches the equilibrium within 90 min. and follows 1st order kinetics. The adsorption process depends on temperature, pH and amount of adsorbate and adsorbent.

Keyword(s)

β-CD; Fe3O4/carbon nanocomposites; Tea catechin; Freundlich isotherm; Langmuir isotherm

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