Effects of alkyl chain length of acrylates on sizing properties of grafted feather keratin
In this study, sizing properties of grafted feather keratin for high polyester content warp yarns have been improved bypreparing a series of feather keratin-g-poly(acrylic acid-co-acrylate) through grafting acrylate monomers with various alkylchain lengths and hydrophilic monomer [acrylic acid (AA)] onto molecular chains of native feather keratin. The feed molarratio of AA/acrylate is kept constant during the preparation. Effects of alkyl chain length of acrylate monomers on sizingproperties of feather keratin-g-poly(acrylic acid-co-acrylate) to polyester/cotton(65/35) blended warp yarns has been studiedin terms of tensile strength & elongation, abrasion resistance, and hairiness. The grafting of acrylates onto the molecularchains of feather keratin significantly improves the sizing properties of grafted feather keratin. With the increase in alkylchain length, the tensile strength, tensile elongation, and abrasion resistance of the sized yarns are improved, while thehairiness amount is increased. Acrylate monomers with different alkyl chain lengths during the preparation of graftedfeather keratin sizes can be selected according to various requirements for high polyester content warp yarns.
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