Preparation of antibacterial microfibre
Three different kinds of antibacterial microfibres (270D, 300D and 330D) have been developed by adding 2-4 wt % nano silver masterbatch in the melt spinning process. The mechanical properties, silver content and morphology have been examined with tensile tester, inductively coupled plasma-optical emission spectrometer and scanning electron microscope respectively. Their antibacterial abilities are also studied with KS K 0693:2011. The results show that the added nano-particles have little influence on mechanical properties of antibacterial microfibres and their max strain and tenacity are similar to that of common manmade fibre. The fineness of the 270D, 300D and 330D samples are found to be 0.23, 0.26 and 0.30 den, and the corresponding added silver contents are 265.5, 231 and 259 ppm respectively. It is also observed that all samples bacteriostatic reduction rates are about 99.9% for both Staphylococcus aureus and Klebsiella pneumonia before washing. But after washing, it drops to 65.4%/75%, 91.9%/97.7% and 94.8%/99.9% respectively for both the bacteria in case of 270D, 300D and 330D samples. It is concluded that 300D and 330D microfibre samples have good antibacterial ability before and after washing.
Antibacterial microfibre; Bacteriostatic reduction rate; Nano silver; Melt spinning
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