Chemical composition and biological activity of Coriandrum sativum L.: A review

Chahal, K K; Singh, Ravinder ; Kumar, Amit ; Bhardwaj, Urvashi

Abstract

Coriander (Coriandrum sativum L.) also called as Cilantro, Arab parsley, Chinese parsley, Kasbour is cultivated for its seeds and foliage for extraction of essential oil using hydrodistillation. The GC-MS compositional analysis of coriander seed essential oil showed the presence of many compounds viz linalool, camphor, geraniol, α–pinene, γ–terpinene, geranyl acetate and limonene. Essential oil of coriander is known to exhibit wide range of biological activities like antibacterial, antifungal, antioxidant, insecticidal and in addition it also exibit pharmacological activities such as anti-inflammatory, anxiolytic, antimicrobial, diuretic, cognition improvement, antidiabetic, antiseptic, antihypertensive, lipolytic, myorelaxant, anticancerous, antimutagenic, and free radical scavenging activities.

Keyword(s)

Biological activities; Chemical composition; Coriandrum sativum L.; Essential oil; Medicinal value.


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