Progress in Organic-Inorganic Hybrid Perovskite Solar Cells: Architecture, Efficiency and Stability
In recent years, it has been established that solar cells based on organic-inorganic hybrid perovskite materials have substantial potential for the development of highly efficient photovoltaic devices and offers robust opportunities for research to the scientific community and industry. Power conversion efficiency (PCE) of perovskite solar cells (PSCs) have already surpassed 24.8 % within a decade, which is now third highest efficiency among single-junction photovoltaic materials. This report briefly introduces hybrid-halide perovskite materials, their structural properties, various possible device architectures and a comparative study of photo-voltaic performance. For commercialization, high stability of devices is must and here we have thoroughly discussed possible degradation mechanisms of PSCs, that is, moisture; oxygen; heat; structural stability; UV-light effect; defect-states, ion-migration and various approaches to passivity based upon recent reports. A proper encapsulation with optimized chemical composition (enhanced interaction between organic/inorganic cation and BX6 octahedron) PSCs could possess superior stability for long-run while maintaining optoelectronic properties.
Perovskite solar cells; Stability; Architecture; Efficiency; Degradation
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