Medicinal plants used for veterinary diseases by the local inhabitants of the Teshil Tangi, District Charsadda, Pakistan

Jan, Hammad Ahmad; Ahmad, Latif ; Bussmann, Rainer W; Jan, Samin ; Wali, Sher ; Haq, Shiekh Marifatul; Alam, Israr ; Romman, Muhammad

Abstract

Therapeutic plants ethnically utilized for the cure of various aliments of animals have an important part in the rural veterinary healthcare system because allopathic medicines remain inaccessible, particularly in the third world countries. This work was carried out in Teshil Tangi District Charsadda, Pakistan, in 2016-18, aiming for conserving the ethnic medicinal plants knowledge about veterinary illnesses. Information was collected from older people, herbalists and pansaris (herbal sellers) via semi-structured questionnaire and open ended interviews. Quantification of the result was done by Relative Frequency Citation (RFC) and Use Value (UV).The result of current study comprises of the 118 therapeutic plant species’ collection which belong to forty-six families by interviewing 233 native informants. Among the 46 botanical families, Leguminosae with 14 species was the leading family. The most dominant growth habit was herbs constituted (68%). Leaves (42%) were the main morphological parts used for ethnoveterinary medicine. The highest UV was obtained for 0.52 for Silybum marianum (L.) and RFC (0.33) for Silybum marianum (L.). Most of the therapeutic plants have been utilized for curing digestive illnesses, followed by promote lactation and wounds healing. Due to the dense and diverse vegetation, the study area is rich in ethnobotanical knowledge and the people still use medicinal plants to cure animal diseases.

Keyword(s)

District Charsadda; Medicinal plants; Pakistan; Tehsil Tangi; Veterinary diseases

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