Vapour Phase Synthesis of 2-Methylpyridine and 4-Methylpyridine Over Potassium Salts of 12-Tungstophosphoric Acid

Senapati, Rabi Narayan; Pathak, Devendra Deo; Dutta, Pashupati ; Agarwalla, Hridesh ; Sahu, Gajanan

Abstract

Vapor phase dehydrocyclization reaction of acetaldehyde and ammonia was investigated over K salts of 12-tungstophosphoric acid as catalysts in a continuous flow fixed bed reactor at 350–450℃. The yield of 2-methylpyridine and 4-methylpyridine were found to be in the range of 38.0–64.5%. The 2-methylpyridine and 4-methylpyridine are used for the preparation of insecticides, poultry drugs, cattle drugs and anti-tuberculosis drugs, veterinary analgesics etc. respectively. The reaction conditions such as temperature, contact time, and molar ratio for achieving optimal yield with respect to 2-methylpyridine and 4-methylpyridine were discussed. Catalysts were characterized through BET surface area, FT-IR, XRD and TGA. NH3-TPD studies exhibit the moderate acidity. The morphology of the catalysts was also studied by FESEM.


Keyword(s)

Acetaldehyde, Dehydrocyclization, Heteropoly acid, Insecticides

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