Corrosion behavior of pure magnesium processed by accumulative roll bondingfor biomaterial application

Rifai, Muhammad ; Purnamasari, Indah Suis ; Ajiriyanto, Maman Kartaman ; Alhamidi, Ali ; Mujamilah, Mujamilah ; Insani, Andon ; Prasetya, Ahadi damar

Abstract

Magnesium is one of the materials that can be used as an implant for the human body. It is because the daily intake ofmagnesium for an adult is 240-420 mg/day. Also, the elastic modulus (41 – 45 GPa) and density (1.74 g/cm3) of magnesiumis closer to that of natural bone. However, pure magnesium in the as-cast condition has a very fast corrosion rate,2,89mmPY in 0.9% NaCl solution. Accumulative roll bonding (ARB) is done in this recent study to improve the corrosionrate of pure magnesium. ARB is one of the severe plastic deformations (SPD) method, which provides the possibility toobtain high strained materials without a macroscopic change after a cyclic roll-bonding process (stacking, preheating androlling). Magnesium is annealed at 250°C and 350°C for 25 minutes, and then the ARB process is done with variation; one,two, three and four cycles. The composition was tested using SEM-EDS, showing that the content of a pure magnesiumplate (as annealed) is 99.77%. The grain size is observed using the optic microscope and measured by ImageJ, while thecorrosion rate was measured with an electrochemical and immersion test. The result showed the smallest grain size achievedis 7.204 ± 1,185 μm and that the lowest corrosion rate is 0,0012mmPY. The polarization resistance determined the thicknessand the ability of passivation area obtained with the increasing number of ARB cycles. The higher plastic deformation isrecommended for improve the corrosion resistance of the metallic material for future works.


Keyword(s)

Magnesium, accumulative roll bonding, implant, corrosion rate

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