A comparative investigation of inter-row delay timing vis-à-vis some rock properties on high sandstone benches

Rai, Piyush

Abstract

The inter-row delay timing plays a pivotal role in any blast round as it not only influences the mechanism offragmentation, but also offers a vast potential in improving the overall results of fragmentation. It is in this perspective thatthe current study presents a comparative investigation of the influence of inter-row delay timing on fragmentation in twodifferent strength sandstone formation in large-scale, multi-row blast rounds of a two surface coal mines in India. Theinvestigations are based on full-scale field blasts. The study highlights the role of p-wave velocity and brittleness vis-à-visimpedance to shock wave propagation during the initial as well as final stages of rock breakage. Given this, the role ofshattering effect (in stronger sandstone formations) and heaving effect in weaker strength sandstone has been clearlyestablished in the rock breakage mechanism. Furthermore, the study also suggests that for weaker sandstone, longer interrowdelay timing (15-25 ms/m of effective burden) yields the best fragment size results. Similarly, for stronger sandstoneformation, shorter inter-row delay timing (10-17.85 ms/m of effective burden) yields the best fragment size results.

Keyword(s)

Inter-row delay timing, Rock strength, P-wave velocity, Brittleness, Shattering, Progressive relief, Inter-rock collision

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