Adaptive Voltage and Current Control to Improve Stability and Restoration of Operation after the Occurrence of a Transient Fault in The Inverter-based Standalone Microgrid
Small signal stability analysis and control strategies are well provided for conventional power systems. Still, in inverter-based microgrids, it is necessary to determine the model features and control specific oscillation modes. In this paper, inverter-based standalone microgrid performance modelling, including voltage and current control, has been developed. This model has inverter control loop details but does not provide switching performance. A simple adaptive controller controls the microgrid voltage and current, with only three parameters, including two negatively stable feedbacks and positive unstable feedback. Advantages of this controller over a Proportional Integral Derivative (PID) controller include proper adaptation to system changes, flexibility in setting up, and a robust deal with sudden changes in the system. Finally, by making drastic changes in the operation of a sample microgrid, such as loading and short circuit faults, we prove the effectiveness of the proposed adaptive control scheme in improving the stability and restoration of operation after the occurrence of a transient fault in the microgrid.
Adaptive controller, Azadi controller, Distributed generation, Proportional integral derivative
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