Optimization of process parameters of TIG welding of duplex stainless steel without filler rod by grey-Taguchi method

Mondal, Sandip ; Pal, Pradip Kumar; Nandi, Goutam


Input parameters of welding have played an important role in producing the quality of welding joint. Welding quality has been improved using proper process parameters with sound knowledge base. Current, welding speed and the shielding gas flow rate have been used as the most important influencing parameters of Tungsten Inert Gas (TIG) welding on Duplex Stainless Steel (DSS). In the present work, multi-objective optimization of TIG welding process parameters of Duplex Stainless Steel - ASTM/UNS 2205 has been determined. These welding process parameters have been optimized to achieve the required quality of DSS welding joints. The quality of the TIG welding on DSS has been evaluated in term of tensile test. The grey-based Taguchi technique has been used to solve this multi- optimization problem. Analysis of Variance (ANOVA) has been applied to evaluate the significanc e of the individual factors on desired results which are ultimate tensile strength, yield strength and percentage of elongation. Additional confirmatory experiment has been done to verify the optimal results. The application possibilities of the grey-based Taguchi method for incessant development of welding quality of DSS in many fields, like chemical industries, oil refineries, gas manufacturing industries etc. have been shown by this work.


Anova, Duplex stainless steel, Optimization, Signal to noise ratio, Taguchi design, Tungsten inert gas welding

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